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The Duqm Port, Oman and the Three Global Powers: China, USA, and India; By Arjun Gidwani

Updated: Sep 1, 2022

Image Courtesy: Getty Images

C3S Issue Brief: 001/2020

C3S launches its Issue Brief initiative. An issue briefs is a summary of the knowledge surrounding an issue or a problem. It summarises the issue giving clear, concise and complete information describing all facets of a particular issue including a detailed illustration in the form of images, data, and facts. It also includes recommendations for action and predictions on the future course of an issue.

Issue Briefs are available for download as PDF.


The Duqm Port is situated out of the Strait of Hormuz, in the middle of the Indian Ocean, opening directly into international waters and lies in the vicinity of the international trade route between Asia and Europe. The Duqm Port has special importance as it lies along the Strait of Hormuz, Gulf of Oman, Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea.

The location is strategic as not only is it close to countries like Pakistan and India in South Asia; it is also easily accessible from East Africa. Oman joined the Belt and Road Initiative in 2018, thereby acquiring additional importance as China’s first base station in the Gulf. The China-Oman (Duqm) Industrial Park, a megaproject under the BRI that is nearing its first phase of completion is evidence of China’s interest in developing Duqm with the view to link several continents with the logistics and infrastructure built with Chinese investments. In March 2019, the United States signed an agreement with Oman to allow US military access to Omani facilities and ports in Duqm and Salalah.

This Issue Brief seeks to:

  1. Understand the geography and demography of Oman and define the role played by the Duqm Project in the development of the Sultanate.

  2. Understand the history, country-wise, of bilateral relations of China, USA and India with Oman and study their respective involvement in Duqm.

  3. Define India’s current strategic position in the region, vis-à-vis US and China, through an analysis of the impact of its presence in the Duqm Port by studying the factors favourable and unfavourable to it.

Read the Full PDF at this link: 

Download PDF • 1.58MB

About the Author

Arjun Gidwani is currently an International Business Analyst based in Hyderabad and has more than 10 years of experience in Market Research, Industry and Sector Analysis, Trade analysis, Macroeconomic forecasting and Financial Analysis. He has earned his post-graduate degree from the Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT), Delhi and has also completed his studies in Advertising Management and Public Relations from MICA, Ahmedabad. Specializing in research and strategy, he has worked on market entry strategies for Indian manufacturing companies into new geographic markets with a focus on the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, revenue generation strategies for a Hyderabad based consultancy, and has been a member of the policy drafting Race Committee for the Dubai World Cup – Horseracing.

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