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C3S Issue Brief XI: Security Challenges & Management of India’s International Borders ; B

Updated: Sep 1, 2022

Image Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons

C3S Issue Brief: 11/2021

C3S launches its Issue Brief initiative. An issue brief is a summary of the knowledge surrounding an issue or a problem. It summarises the issue giving clear, concise, and complete information describing all facets of a particular issue including a detailed illustration in the form of images, data, and facts. It also includes recommendations for action and predictions on the future course of an issue.

Issue Briefs are available for download as PDFs.

Read the full PDF at this link: 

Download PDF • 378KB

About the Author

(Jai Kumar Verma is a former Director in the Cabinet Secretariat and Delhi-based strategic analyst and member of United Services Institute of India and Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses. The views in the issue brief are solely the author’s own and do not reflect the views of C3S. He can be contacted at

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