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C3S Issue Brief VII: India – Nepal Relations & the China Factor; By Karishma Angela Vincent

Updated: Sep 1, 2022

C3S Issue Brief: 007/2020

C3S launches its Issue Brief initiative. An Issue Brief is a summary of the knowledge surrounding an issue or a problem. It summarises the issue giving clear, concise and complete information describing all facets of a particular issue including a detailed illustration in the form of images, data, and facts. It also includes recommendations for action and predictions on the future course of an issue.

Issue Briefs are available for download as PDFs.


History stands witness to the deep-rooted bilateral relationship of the two very close neighbours of South Asia, India and Nepal. As close neighbours, India and Nepal share a unique relationship of friendship and cooperation characterized by open borders and people to people connection across the borders sharing family ties and culture. The political and economic relation between China and Nepal started with Tibet serving as the link. It was the emergence of a powerful kingdom in Tibet in the seventh century A.D. with its capital at Lhasa that transformed the Kathmandu valley into the intellectual and commercial connect between Nepal and central Asia. As China established diplomatic, economic and political relations it has changed the dynamics of politics in South Asia. China has inserted itself as a stakeholder in Nepal thereby becoming a significant player in Himalayan politics. This Issue shall seek to analyse India – Nepal Relations & the China Factor in the Himalayan geopolitics.

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About the Author

Karishma Angela Vincent is a Research Intern at the Chennai Centre for China Studies. She is a student from Stella Maris College, Chennai pursuing her Second Year MA in  International Studies. The views expressed are personal. 

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