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Issue Brief IV: Why is China attempting to play the “mediator role” in Palestine? By PS Vaishnavi

Updated: Jun 13

Guided by Mr Subramanyam Sridharan, Distinguished Member, C3S.

Preliminary Review by Ms. Sruthi Sadhasivam, Research Officer, C3S.

Image Courtesy: China Daily

Issue Brief 4/2024

C3S launched its Issue Brief initiative. An issue brief is a summary of the knowledge surrounding an issue or a problem. It summarizes the issue by giving clear, concise, and complete information describing all facets of a particular issue including a detailed illustration in the form of images, data, and facts. It also includes recommendations for action and predictions on the future course of an issue.


China has held talks between Hamas and Fatah in April, aiming to reconcile the two factions and form a united Palestinian front. Historically, China has supported Palestine. Initially driven by Mao Zedong's anti-imperialist stance, the Palestinian cause became a larger part of its strategic geopolitical interests. China's support seeks to counter U.S. influence, secure energy resources, and strengthen ties with Arab nations, which are crucial for its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). China is willing to risk its relations with Israel for its larger geopolitical ambitions in West Asia. By mediating between Hamas and Fatah, China aims to promote its conflict resolution model, positioning itself as a key peace broker. The deep-rooted ideological divide posts a major hurdle for China in its peace process. The article will analyse China's historical support for Palestine, its current geopolitical strategies, and the implications of its mediation efforts, offering insights into larger ambitions behind China's mediation in the Israel-Palestine conflict. Future studies can explore the effectiveness of China's mediation efforts in West Asia.

Key Words: China, Mediation, BRI, Palestine, West Asia, Conflict resolution model

Read the full Issue Brief at this link:

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(Ms. PS Vaishnavi is a Research Intern at C3S. The views expressed are those of the author and do not reflect the views of C3S.)

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