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Issue Brief I; China’s stand in the Israel-Palestine Issue since 1947: Shifting Priorities and Challenges to its Middle East Policy: Annunthra K

Issue Brief: 1 /2024

C3S launched its Issue Brief initiative. An issue brief is a summary of the knowledge surrounding an issue or a problem. It summarizes the issue by giving clear, concise, and complete information describing all facets of a particular issue including a detailed illustration in the form of images, data, and facts. It also includes recommendations for action and predictions on the future course of an issue.


During the latter half of the 1950s, China embarked on a strategic shift in its foreign policy, prioritizing stronger ties with Arab nations. This transformation, underscored by the establishment of diplomatic relations with Cairo and Damascus in 1956, was catalyzed by geopolitical events such as the tripartite attack on Egypt in the same year. Despite initial reservations and occasional disagreements with Arab leaders, China progressively developed a keen interest in the Palestinian cause, as evidenced by Premier Zhou En-lai's commitments in the mid-1960s. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of China's historical, diplomatic, economic, and strategic relations with both Palestine and Israel. It analyzes the evolution of China's stance on the Israel-Palestine conflict, detailing key events, policy shifts, and diplomatic engagements. Additionally, it explores China's economic interactions with both parties, including trade relations, investment initiatives, and the implications of the Belt and Road Initiative for the region. Furthermore, the paper delves into China's mediation efforts in the Israel-Palestine issue and outlines its broader Middle East strategy.

Read the full Issue Brief at this link:

C3S Issue Brief I
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(Ms. Annunthra K is a research officer at C3S. The views expressed are those of the author and does not reflect the views of C3S.)

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