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India and Africa’s Cooperation in Rare Earth Elements; By Sejal Mehta

Updated: Aug 8, 2023

Image Courtesy: The Policy Chronicle

Issue Brief: 09/2023

C3S launches its Issue Brief initiative. An issue brief is a summary of the knowledge surrounding an issue or a problem. It summarizes the issue by giving clear, concise, and complete information describing all facets of a particular issue including a detailed illustration in the form of images, data, and facts. It also includes recommendations for action and predictions on the future course of an issue.


The paper presents a comprehensive exploration of Rare Earth Elements (REE), analyzing their significance, global distribution, China's dominance, and the emerging role of India and Africa in reshaping the REE landscape. A pivotal turning point emerges with the discovery of substantial REE deposits in Africa, prompting a shift towards diversification and reducing dependency on China's monopoly. The paper also explores the symbiotic ties between India and Africa, spanning political, economic, and development domains. It highlights how their collaboration can bolster Africa's REE industry, stimulate economic growth, and contribute to sustainable development goals. The research delves into the potential role of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) in integrating Africa into the REE supply chain.

Read the full Issue Brief at this link:

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(Ms. Sejal Mehta is a research intern at C3S. The views expressed are those of the author and does not reflect the views of C3S.)
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