top of page

Dragon in the Desert: China’s Growth Strategy in the Middle East; By Arjun Gidwani

Updated: Sep 1, 2022

Image Courtesy: Foreign Policy

C3S Issue Brief: 005/2019

C3S launches its Issue Brief initiative. An issue briefs is a summary of the knowledge surrounding an issue or a problem. It summarises the issue giving clear, concise and complete information describing all facets of a particular issue including a detailed illustration in the form of images, data, and facts. It also includes recommendations for action and predictions on the future course of an issue.

Issue Briefs are available for download as PDF.


In the last few years the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has made great efforts to expand its strategic presence and its economic clout in the Middle East Region. Prior to this, China’s involvement in the Middle East was relatively passive and restricted to mainly two strategic priorities:

  1. The sale of arms to client countries in the Middle East Region, with the most obvious and conspicuous client being the Islamic Republic of Iran.

  2. Acquisition of the Middle East Region’s energy resources to fuel the Chinese Economy expansion.

This article studies China’s drive for regional importance in the Middle East which is extremely consequential to the future of the Middle East and its relations with its major partners in the subcontinent, namely India. Also, China’s drive to establish regional supremacy in the Middle East is the least reported. Through this article, we will understand China’s approach to its Middle East strategy in the context of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), the pillar of its foreign policy.

The article also gives brief insight into India’s current strategic involvement in the Middle East, its progress and the challenges it faces. The article concludes with brief note on the way ahead for India.

Read the Full PDF at this link: 

Download PDF • 1.04MB


Arjun Gidwani is currently an International Business Analyst based in Hyderabad and has more than 10 years of experience in Market Research, Industry and Sector Analysis, Trade analysis, Macroeconomic forecasting and Financial Analysis. He has earned his post-graduate degree from the Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT), Delhi and has also completed his studies in Advertising Management and Public Relations from MICA, Ahmedabad. Specializing in research and strategy, he has worked on market entry strategies for Indian manufacturing companies into new geographic markets with a focus on the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, revenue generation strategies for a Hyderabad based consultancy, and has been a member of the policy drafting Race Committee for the Dubai World Cup – Horseracing.

4 views0 comments


bottom of page