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C3S Occasional Paper I: Russia-China-India and the Arctic; By Sairakshit Raghupathy

Image Courtesy: World Economic Forum

C3S Occasional Paper: 01/2023

An occasional Paper is a single topic research summary of the knowledge surrounding an issue or a problem. It summarises the issue giving clear, concise, and complete information describing all facets of a particular issue including a detailed illustration in the form of images, data, and facts. It also includes recommendations for action and predictions on the future course of an issue.

Occasional Papers are available for download as PDFs.


The partnership between Russia and China is a source of worry for Western nations, particularly the United States of America. There are two places where Russia and China share border, the first place connects Mongolia and North Korea, and the second connects Mongolia and Kazakhstan, share a border with Russia and China. Both nations are vying for control of the vast quantities of hydrocarbons found in the Arctic. India, like other countries, has an interest in the Arctic. Russia has a completely different perspective on the Arctic than China does, since Russia is an actual Arctic state, but China claims to be close to the region and is attempting to gain access to its resources by forging closer ties with Russia. Ultimately both Russia and China are aiming to exploit the Arctic resources for their national needs. India has its own reasons for being interested in the Arctic. It started an expedition in 2007, and in 2013 it received observer status. New Delhi is interested in the region for scientific, environmental, and tactical reasons. Given that India and Russia have a Special Privilege Strategic Partnership (SPSP), New Delhi may use Beijing to its advantage and gain quick access to the Arctic. This makes it simple for India to pursue its interests. The Global Warming and Climate Change (GWCC), which has expedited the melting of ice and opened up new shipping routes, is another component of the study that is highlighted in addition to the natural resource availability. Having a negative effect on the Arctic environment, excessive shipping has increased carbon emissions. The interest of China and Russia in the Arctic and how it may affect India are discussed in this paper.

Keywords: Russia, India, China, natural resource, climate change, pollution, Arctic

region, marine life.

Read the full PDF at this link:

C3S Occasional Paper I Russia-China-India and the Arctic By Sairakshit Raghupathy
Download PDF • 896KB

(Mr. Sairakshit Raghupathy is a research intern at C3S. He is pursuing his Master’s in MA Diplomacy Law and Business Analytics from OP Jindal Global University. The views expressed are those of the author and do not reflect the views of C3S)

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