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C3S Issue Brief VII: India’s Relations with France and UK in the Indo-Pacific by Rishi Athreya

Updated: Sep 1, 2022

Image Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons

C3S Issue Brief: 07/2021

India observed 58th National Maritime Day on the 05th of April 2021. This paper was presented by Mr Rishi Atthreya during the national webinar on Emerging India from Maritime Perspective to commemorate National Maritime Day on 05 April 2021.  The event was co-hosted by EJSSS along with UGC Centre for Maritime Studies, Pondicherry University.

C3S launches its Issue Brief initiative. An issue brief is a summary of the knowledge surrounding an issue or a problem. It summarises the issue giving clear, concise, and complete information describing all facets of a particular issue including a detailed illustration in the form of images, data, and facts. It also includes recommendations for action and predictions on the future course of an issue.

Issue Briefs are available for download as PDFs.


India’s maritime domain extends to the Indo-Pacific defined as stretching from the Indian Ocean to the Western Pacific. Many major powers including the USA, China, and Russia are active in the region. Other NATO middle powers like France and UK too are involved in the Indo-Pacific. India has maritime diplomacy with these two countries. India has long followed a foreign policy of strategic autonomy. There is a joint military doctrine as also doctrines and strategies by individual forces. France has several policy documents addressing the Indo-Pacific. It has a direct presence in the region, both in the Indian Ocean and Pacific. The UK too has policy documents. There is scope for India to be a net security collaborator for both countries in their Indo-Pacific operations. Other Commonwealth countries especially Australia also has an important role. The Northern and Southern Hemisphere Quads could move towards a Pacific Group of Seven.

Keywords: Indo-Pacific, France, UK, Maritime, Commonwealth, Quad, Persian Gulf, South China Sea, Pacific

Read the full PDF at this link: 

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About the Author

(Rishi Athreya is an alumnus of Flinders University, Adelaide and the University of Leeds. He is a Public Sector and Political-Risk Consultant holding a certificate in consulting from the United Kingdom’s Chartered Management Institute. He has worked in academic research within the public sector, as also international organisations, in the fields of consulting and risk analysis. He has served in the Governance Division of the Commonwealth Secretariat, where he worked on Public Sector Reform and Democracy. He has rendered yeoman service in the areas of development assistance and technical cooperation. Mr Athreya is a widely published author and has written on various topics related to governance, security and diplomacy. He has also been the editor of several publications published by international organisations, think tanks, and legislatures. His co-authors have included, amongst others, civil servants, officers of the defence services, and diplomats. The views expressed are personal and does not reflect the views of C3S)

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